World Library  


Add to Book Shelf
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Book

Effects of Land Use Changes and Soil Conservation Intervention on Soil Properties as Indicators for Land Degradation Under a Mediterranean Climate : Volume 6, Issue 3 (23/07/2015)

By Mohawesh, Y.

Click here to view

Book Id: WPLBN0004021361
Format Type: PDF Article :
File Size: Pages 12
Reproduction Date: 2015

Title: Effects of Land Use Changes and Soil Conservation Intervention on Soil Properties as Indicators for Land Degradation Under a Mediterranean Climate : Volume 6, Issue 3 (23/07/2015)  
Author: Mohawesh, Y.
Volume: Vol. 6, Issue 3
Language: English
Subject: Science, Solid, Earth
Collections: Periodicals: Journal and Magazine Collection, Copernicus GmbH
Historic
Publication Date:
2015
Publisher: Copernicus Gmbh, Göttingen, Germany
Member Page: Copernicus Publications

Citation

APA MLA Chicago

Taimeh, A., Ziadat, F., & Mohawesh, Y. (2015). Effects of Land Use Changes and Soil Conservation Intervention on Soil Properties as Indicators for Land Degradation Under a Mediterranean Climate : Volume 6, Issue 3 (23/07/2015). Retrieved from http://worldlibrary.in/


Description
Description: International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas (ICARDA), P.O. Box 950764 Amman, 11195, Jordan. Land degradation resulting from improper land use and management is a major cause of declined productivity in the arid environment. The objectives of this study were to examine the effects of a sequence of land use changes, soil conservation measures, and the time since their implementation on the degradation of selected soil properties. The climate for the selected 105 km2 watershed varies from semi-arid sub-tropical to Mediterranean sub-humid. Land use changes were detected using aerial photographs acquired in 1953, 1978, and 2008. A total of 218 samples were collected from 40 sites in three different rainfall zones to represent different land use changes and variable lengths of time since the construction of stone walls. Analyses of variance were used to test the differences between the sequences of land use changes (interchangeable sequences of forest, orchards, field crops, and range), the time since the implementation of soil conservation measures, rainfall on the thickness of the A-horizon, soil organic carbon content, and texture. Soil organic carbon reacts actively with different combinations and sequences of land use changes. The time since stone walls were constructed showed significant impacts on soil organic carbon and the thickness of the surface horizon. The effects of changing the land use and whether the changes were associated with the construction of stone walls varied according to the annual rainfall. The changes in soil properties could be used as indicators of land degradation and to assess the impact of soil conservation programs. The results help in understanding the effects of land use changes on land degradation processes and carbon sequestration potential and in formulating sound soil conservation plans.

Summary
Effects of land use changes and soil conservation intervention on soil properties as indicators for land degradation under a Mediterranean climate

Excerpt
Abu Hammad, A. and Tumeizi, A.: Land degradation: socioeconomic and environmental causes and consequences in the eastern Mediterranean, Land Degrad. Dev., 23, 216–226, 2012.; Alphan, H.: Classifying land cover conversions in coastal wetlands in the Mediterranean: pairwise comparisons of Landsat images, Land Degrad. Dev., 23, 278–292, 2012.; Banning, E. B., Rahimim, D., and Siggers, J.:The late Neolithic of the Southern Levant: hiatus, settlement shift or observer bias? The perspective from Wadi Ziqlab, Paléorient, 20, 151–164, 1994.; Beaumont, P. and Atkinson, K.: Soil erosion and conservation in northern Jordan, J. Soil Water Conserv., 24, 144–147, 1969.; Bender, F.: Geology of Jordan, Gebrüder Borntrager, Berlin, 1974.; Benneh, G., Morgan, W. B., and Uitto, J. I.: Sustaining the Future, Economic, Social, and Environmental Change in Sub-Saharan Africa, United Nations University Press, Tokyo, Japan, 1996.; Bizoza, A. R. and de Graaff, J.: Financial cost–benefit analysis of bench terraces in Rwanda, Land Degrad. Dev., 23, 103–115, doi:10.1002/ldr.1051, 2012.; Bossard, M., Feranec, J., and Otahel, J.: CORINE land cover technical guide – addendum, Technical report No. 40, European Environment Agency, Copenhagen, Denmark, 2000.; Bouyoucos, G. J.: A recalibration of the hydrometer method for making mechanical analysis of soils, Agron. J. 43, 434–438, 1951.; Brown, S. and Lugo, A. E.: Effect of forest clearing and succession on the carbon and nitrogen content of soils in Puerto Rico and US Virgin Islands, Plant Soil, 124, 53–64, 1990.; Cerdà A., Lavee, H., Romero-Diaz, A., Hooke, J., and Montanarella, L.: Soil erosion and degradation in Mediterranean type ecosystems, Land Degrad. Dev., 21, 71–74, doi:10.1002/ldr.968, 2010.; Chen, J. S. and Chiu, C. Y.: Effect of topography on the composition of soil organic substances in a perihumid sub-tropical montane forest ecosystem in Taiwan, Geoderma, 96, 19–30, 2000.; Cordova, C. E.: Geomorphological evidence of intense prehistoric soil erosion in the highlands of central Jordan, Phys. Geogr., 21, 538–567, 2000.; de Sherbinin, A.: CIESIN Thematic Guides to Land-use and Land-cover Change (LUCC), Center for International Earth Science Information Network (CIESIN), Columbia University, New York, USA, 2002.; Falcucci, A., Luigi, M., and Luigi, B.: Changes in land use/land cover patterns in Italy and their implications for biodiversity conservation, Landscape Ecol., 22, 617–631, 2007.; Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO): Soil survey investigations for irrigation, Soils bulletin No. 42, FAO, Rome, Italy, 1979.; Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO): Integrated soil management for sustainable agriculture and food security in Southern and East Africa, FAO, Rome, Italy, 1999.; García-Orenes, F., Guerrero, C., Roldán A., Mataix-Solera, J., Cerdà A., Campoy, M., Zornoza, R., Bárcenas G., and Caravaca, F.: Soil microbial biomass and activity under different agricultural management systems in a semiarid Mediterranean agroecosystem, Soil Till. Res., 109, 110–115, 2010.; García-Orenes, F., Roldán A., Mataix-Solera, J., Cerdà A., Campoy, M., Arcenegui, V., and Caravaca, F.: Soil structural stability and erosion rates influenced by agricultural management practices in a semi-arid Mediterranean agro-ecosystem, Soil Use Manage., 28, 571–579, 2012.; Hurni, H.: Concepts of sustainable land management, ITC Journal, 3/4, 210–215, 1997.; Khresat, S. A., Rawajfih, Z., and Mohammad, M.: Land degradation in north-western Jordan: causes and processes, J. Arid Environ., 39, 623–629, 1998.; Kocyigit, R. and Demirci, S.: Long-term changes of aggregate-associated and labile soil organic carbon and nitrogen after conversion from forest to grassland and cropland in northern Turkey, Land Degrad. Dev., 23, 475–482, 2012.; Kok, K., Clavaux, M. B. W., Heerebout, W

 

Click To View

Additional Books


  • Evaluating the Importance of Surface Soi... (by )
  • Corrigendum to 3-d Reflection Seismic Im... (by )
  • Evolution of a Highly Dilatant Fault Zon... (by )
  • Identification of Vulnerable Areas to So... (by )
  • Short-lived Tectonic Switch Mechanism fo... (by )
  • New Zircon Data Supporting Models of Sho... (by )
  • Crop Residue Decomposition in Minnesota ... (by )
  • Karst Bare Slope Soil Erosion and Soil Q... (by )
  • Grazing Effects on Soil Characteristics ... (by )
  • Seismic Structure of the Lithosphere Ben... (by )
  • Petrophysical Constraints on the Seismic... (by )
  • Kinematics of the South Atlantic Rift : ... (by )
Scroll Left
Scroll Right

 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.