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Neutrosophic Interval Bialgebraic Structures

By Smarandache, Florentin

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Book Id: WPLBN0002828470
Format Type: PDF (eBook)
File Size: 2.05 mb
Reproduction Date: 7/31/2013

Title: Neutrosophic Interval Bialgebraic Structures  
Author: Smarandache, Florentin
Language: English
Subject: Non Fiction, Education, Algebra
Collections: Mathematics, Algebra, Authors Community, Math, Education, Most Popular Books in China, Literature
Publication Date:
Publisher: World Public Library
Member Page: Florentin Smarandache


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Smarandache, F., & Vasantha Kandasamy, W. B. (2013). Neutrosophic Interval Bialgebraic Structures. Retrieved from

We in this book introduce the notion of pure (mixed) neutrosophic interval bisemigroups or neutrosophic biinterval semigroups. We derive results pertaining to them. The new notion of quasi bisubsemigroups and ideals are introduced. Smarandache interval neutrosophic bisemigroups are also introduced and analysed. Also notions like neutrosophic interval bigroups and their substructures are studied in section two of this chapter. Neutrosophic interval bigroupoids and the identities satisfied by them are studied in section three of this chapter. The final section of chapter one introduces the notion of neutrosophic interval biloops and studies them. Chapter two of this book introduces the notion of neutrosophic interval birings and bisemirings. Several results in this direction are derived and described. Even new bistructures like neutrosophic interval ring-semiring or neutrosophic interval semiring-ring are introduced and analyzed. Further in this chapter the concept of neutrosophic biinterval vector spaces or neutrosophic interval bivector spaces are introduced and their properties are described. In the third chapter we introduce the notion of neutrosophic interval n-structures or neutrosophic interval n-structures. Over 60 examples are given and various types of n-structures are studied. Possible applications of these new structures are given in chapter four. The final chapter suggests over hundred problems some of which are at research level.

In this book the authors for the first time introduce the notion of neutrosophic intervals and study the algebraic structures using them. Concepts like groups and fields using neutrosophic intervals are not possible. Pure neutrosophic intervals and mixed neutrosophic intervals are introduced and by the very structure of the interval one can understand the category to which it belongs.

Now we will be using these intervals and work with our results. However by the context the reader can understand whether we are working with pure neutrosophic intervals or neutrosophic of rationals or integers or reals or modulo integers. This chapter has four sections. Section one introduces neutrosophic interval bisemigroups, neutrosophic interval bigroups are introduced in section two. Section three defines biinterval neutrosophic bigroupoids. The final section gives the notion of neutrosophic interval biloops.

Table of Contents
Preface 5 Chapter One BASIC CONCEPTS 7 1.1 Neutrosophic Interval Bisemigroups 8 1.2 Neutrosophic Interval Bigroups 32 1.3 Neutrosophic Biinterval Groupoids 41 1.4 Neutrosophic Interval Biloops 57 Chapter Two NEUTROSOPHIC INTERVAL BIRINGS AND NEUTROSOPHIC INTERVAL BISEMIRINGS 75 2.1 Neutrosophic Interval Birings 75 2.2 Neutrosophic Interval Bisemirings 85 2.3 Neutrosophic Interval Bivector Spaces and their Generalization 93 Chapter Three NEUTROSOPHIC n- INTERVAL STRUCTURES (NEUTROSOPHIC INTERVAL n-STRUCTURES) 127 Chapter Four APPLICATIONS OF NEUTROSOPHIC INTERVAL ALGEBRAIC STRUCTURES 159 Chapter Five SUGGESTED PROBLEMS 161 FURTHER READING 187 INDEX 189 ABOUT THE AUTHORS 195


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