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Seasonal Forecasting of Fire Over Kalimantan, Indonesia : Volume 1...

By: A. Langner; R. D. Field; U. Weber; J. Moore; J. W. Kaiser; S. Englhart; T. Stockdale; F. Pappenberger; A. C. Spessa; F. Siegert

Description: Department Environment, Earth & Ecosystems, Open University, Milton Keynes, UK. Large-scale fires occur frequently across Indonesia, particularly in the southern region of Kalimantan and eastern Sumatra. They have considerable impacts on carbon emissions, haze production, biodiversity, health, and economic activities.

In this study, we demonstrate that severe fire and haze events in Indonesia can generally be predicted months in advance using ...

Adler, R. F., Huffman, G. J., Bolvin, D. T., Curtis, S., and Nelkin, E. J.: Tropical rainfall distributions determined using TRMM combined withother satellite and rain gauge information, J. Appl. Meteorol., 39, 2007–2023, 2000.; Adler, R. F., Huffman, G. J., Chang, A., Ferraro, R., Xie, P. P., Janowiak, J., Rudolf, B., Schneider, U., Curtis, S., Bolvin, D., Gruber, A., Susskind, J., Arkin, P., and Nelkin, E.: The version-2 global precipitation climatology project (GPCP) ...

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Investigation of Post-earthquake Displacements in Viaducts Using G...

By: M. T. Özlüdemir; R. N. Çelik; D. Güney; M. Acar

Description: Division of Structure, Department of Architecture, Faculty of Architecture, Yildiz Technical University, 34469 Istanbul, Turkey. This paper presents the results of research into the post-earthquake displacements of the partially constructed road viaducts in Bolu, Turkey after the Izmit/Kocaeli, (Mw = 7.4), and Düzce (Mw = 7.1) earthquakes on 17 August and 12 November 1999, respectively. The investigations on the viaduc...

AASHTO: Standard Specifications for Highway Bridges, Division I-A: Seismic Design, The American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials, Washington, DC, 1991.; Akyüz, H. S., Hartleb, R., Barka, A., Altunel, E., Sunal, G., Meyer, B., and Armijo, R.: Surface rupture and slip distribution of the 12 November 1999 Düzce earthquake (M 7.1), North Anatolian Fault, Bolu, Turkey, B. Seismol. Soc. Am., 92, 61–66, 2002.; Ambraseys, N. N.: Engineering Seismology, E...

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An Automatic Monitoring Network Installed in Tuscany (Italy) for S...

By: M. Guidi; L. Pierotti; A. Scozzari; R. Cioni

Description: CNR Institute of Geoscience and Earth Resources, Pisa, Italy. Since late 2002, a continuous automatic monitoring network (CAMN) was designed, built and installed in Tuscany (Italy), in order to investigate and define the geochemical response of the aquifers to the local seismic activity. The purpose of the investigation was to identify eventual earthquake precursors. The CAMN is constituted by two groups of five measurement stations each. A first group ...

Baldacci, F. and Raggi, G.: Lineamenti geologici e idrogeologici della regione dell'Appennino Ligure Toscano a nord dell'Arno. Contributo alle conoscenze delle risorse geotermiche del territorio italiano, C.N.R., PFE-SPEG, RF 13, 68–85, 1982.; Baldacci, F., Cecchini, S., Lopane, G., and Raggi, G.: Le risorse idriche del bacino del fiume Serchio ed il loro contributo all'alimentazione dei bacini idrografici adiacenti, Mem. Soc. Geol. It., 49, 365–391, 1993.; Bencini, A., ...

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Risk Assessment Study of Fire Following an Earthquake: a Case Stud...

By: Y. Wang; H. Chen; L. Lin; J. Li

Description: Key Laboratory of Environmental Change and Natural Disaster of MOE, Beijing Normal University, No.19, XinJieKouWai St., HaiDian District, 100875, Beijing, China. After an earthquake, the fire risk of petrochemical enterprises is higher than that of other enterprises as it involves production processes with inflammable and explosive characteristics. Using Chinese petrochemical enterprises as the research object, this paper uses a literature review and c...

Business community: The reasons of the earthquake fire, available at: http://china.toocle.com/cbna/item/2008-09-19/3796526.html (last access: 26 July 2012), 2008.; Cai, F., Tan, Z., Meng, H., and Cai, R.: Chemical Process Safety Engineering, 2nd Edn., Science Press, Beijing, China, 2009.; Chen, X.: Study of assessment model on secondary accident risk triggered by natural disasters, M.S. thesis, Shenyan...

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Corrigendum to Analysis of Hail Damages and Temperature Series for...

By: M. C. Díaz Alvarez; R. García Moreno; F. Burgaz; A. M. Tarquis; A. Saa Requejo

Description: CEIGRAM, E.T.S.I. Agrónomos, Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, Spain. No abstract available.

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Sea Cliff Instability Susceptibility at Regional Scale: a Statisti...

By: P. Redweik; R. Matildes; F. M. S. F. Marques

Description: University of Lisbon, Faculty of Sciences, Centre of Geology and Department of Geology, Lisbon, Portugal. Sea cliff evolution is dominated by the occurrence of slope mass movements of different types and sizes, which are a considerable source of natural hazard, making their assessment a relevant issue in terms of human loss prevention and land use regulations. To address the assessment of the spatial component of sea cliff hazards, i.e. the susceptibilit...

Bird, E. (Ed.): Coastal geomorphology: an introduction, John Wiley and Sons, Chichester, 2000.; Bromhead, E. and Ibsen, M.-L.: A review of landsliding and coastal erosion damage to historic fortifications in South East England, Landslides, 3, 341–347, 2006.; Brunetti, M. T., Guzzetti, F., and Rossi, M.: Probability distributions of landslide volumes, Nonlin. Processes Geophys., 16, 179–188, doi:10.5194/npg-16-179-2009...

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Active Faults Crossing Trunk Pipeline Routes: Some Important Steps...

By: A. L. Strom; V. M. Besstrashnov

Description: Geodynamic Research Center, LTD, Moscow, Russia. Assessment of seismic strong motion hazard produced by earthquakes originating within causative fault zones allows rather low accuracy of localisation of these structures that can be provided by indirect evidence of fault activity. In contrast, the relevant accuracy of localisation and characterisation of active faults, capable of surface rupturing, can be achieved solely by the use of direct evidence of ...

American Lifelines Alliance: Guidelines for Assessing the Performance of Oil and Natural Gas Pipeline Systems in Natural Hazard and Human Threat Events, 2005.; Aptikaev, F. F.: Seismic strong motion (seismic effects), Doctor of Science dissertation, Moscow, Institute of Physics of Earth, 2001.; Haeussler, P. J., Schwartz, D. P., Dawson, T. E., Stenner, H. D., Lienkaemper, J. J., Sherrod, B., Cinti, F. R., Montone, P., Craw, P. A., Crone, A. J., and Personius, S. F.: Surf...

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Formation Time and Mean Movement Velocities of the 7 August Zhouqu...

By: Z. Li; Q. Xu; X. Huang; Z. Hao; J. Fan; X. Qiao; D. Yu

Description: China Earthquake Networks Center, Beijing, 100045, China. The catastrophic Zhouqu debris flows, which were induced by heavy rainfall, occurred at approximately midnight of 7 August 2010 (Beijing time, UTC + 8) and claimed 1765 lives. Broadband seismic signals recorded by the Zhouqu seismic station nearby are acquired and analyzed in this paper. The seismic signals are divided into two separate parts for the first time using the crucial time of 23...

Arattano, M.: On the use of seismic detectors as monitoring and warning systems for debris flows, Nat. Hazards, 20, 197–213, 1999.; Brodsky, E. E., Gordeev, E., and Kanamori, H.: Landslide basal friction as measured by seismic waves, Geophys. Res. Lett., 30, 2236, doi:10.1029/2003GL018485, 2003.; Burtin, A., Bollinger, L., Cattin, R., Vergne, J., and Nábělek, J. L.: Spatiotemporal sequence of Himalayan debris flow from a...

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Estimation of the Seismic Hazard Parameters for Various Sites in G...

By: P. M. Hatzidimitriou; T. M. Tsapanos; V. N. Margaris; I. D. Banitsiotou

Description: Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, School of Geology, Geophysical Laboratory, 54124 Thessaloniki, Greece. The probabilistic approach that was recently introduced by Kijko and Graham (1998,1999) was applied for the estimation of seismic hazard for various sites in Greece in terms of peak ground acceleration (PGA) and peak ground velocity (PGV). These sites represent geographically cities of Greece among which are the capital of Greece and some others w...

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A Process-based Model for the Definition of Hydrological Alert Sys...

By: R. Genevois; A. De Agostini; G. Stevan; A. D'Alpaos; M. Floris; G. Tessari

Description: Department of Geosciences, University of Padua, Padua, Italy. The definition of hydrological alert systems for rainfall-induced landslides is strongly related to a deep knowledge of the geological and geomorphological features of the territory. Climatic conditions, spatial and temporal evolution of the phenomena and characterization of landslide triggering, together with propagation mechanisms, are the key elements to be considered. Critical steps for the...

Aleotti, P. and Chowdhury, R.: Landslide hazard assessment: summary review and new perspectives, Bull. Eng. Geol. Environment, 58, 21–44, 1999.; Capparelli, G. and Tiranti, D.: Application of the MoniFLaIR early warning system for rainfall-induced landslides in Piedmont region (Italy), Landslides, 7, 401–410, 2010.; Capparelli, G. and Versace, P.: FLaIR and SUSHI: two mathematical models for early warning of landslides induced by rainfall, Landslides, 8, 67–79, 2011.; Ca...

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Use of Resistivity Measurements to Detect Urban Caves in Mexico Ci...

By: M. A. Pérez-flores; A. Alanís-alcantar; D. Camargo-guzmán; R. G. Antonio-carpio

Description: Depto. de Geofisica Aplicada, CICESE, Ensenada, México. In the XIX century when Mexico City was much smaller than at present, there was non-regulated mining of building materials in a region of tuffs northwest of the city in an inhabited countryside. With the growth of the city during the XX century, this region was increasingly populated and in the 1970's many two-level bricks houses were built, without regard for underground caves created by the earli...

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Potential of Remote Sensing Techniques for Tsunami Hazard and Vuln...

By: A. T. Vafeidis; H. Sterr; G. Kaiser; J. Revilla Diez; H. Römer; R. Ludwig; P. Willroth

Description: German Remote Sensing Data Center (DFD), German Aerospace Center (DLR), Oberpfaffenhofen, Germany. Recent tsunami disasters, such as the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami or the 2011 Japan earthquake and tsunami, have highlighted the need for effective risk management. Remote sensing is a relatively new method for risk analysis, which shows significant potential in conducting spatially explicit risk and vulnerability assessments. In order to explore and discuss ...

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Hydrologic Sensitivity of Flood Runoff and Inundation: 2011 Thaila...

By: Y. Iwami; S. Tanaka; Y. Tatebe; T. Sayama

Description: International Centre for Water Hazard and Risk Management, Public Works Research Institute, Tsukuba, Japan. The Thailand floods in 2011 caused unprecedented economic damage in the Chao Phraya River basin. To diagnose the flood hazard characteristics, this study analyses the hydrologic sensitivity of flood runoff and inundation to rainfall. The motivation is to address why the seemingly insignificant monsoon rainfall, or 1.2 times more rainfall than for p...

Apel, H., Thieken, A. H., Merz, B., and Blöschl, G.: A probabilistic modelling system for assessing flood risks, Nat. Hazards, 38, 79–100, doi:10.1007/s11069-005-8603-7, 2006.; Cash, J. R. and Karp, A. H.: A variable order Runge-Kutta method for initial value problems with rapidly varying right-hand sides, ACM T. Math. Software, 16, 201–222, 1990.; Coe, M. T., Costa, M. H., and Howard, E. A.: Simulating the surface ...

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Paleoclimate and Paleoseismic Events Discovered from the Diexi Bar...

By: Y.R. Li; Z. Zhou; Y. Yuan; X.Q. Wang; L.S. Wang

Description: State Key Laboratory of Geohazard Prevention and Geoenvironment Protection (Chengdu University of Technology), Chengdu 610059, China. Studies on the formation of the ancient Diexi barrier lake on the Mingjiang River, southwest China, have long been carried out. However, investigations into the correlation between the paleoclimate and paleoenvironment and the paleoseismic events in this area are rarely found in literature. The present study took sed...

An, W., Zhao, J. Q., and Yan, X. B.: Tectonic deformation of lacustrine sediments in Qiangyang on the Minjiang fault zone and ancient earthquake, Seismol. Geol., 4, 980–988, 2008.; Chen, J. A., Wan, G. J., and Tang, D. G.: Modern climate change Erhai Lake sediment grain size and isotopic records, Nat. Sci. Prog., 10, 253–259, 2000.; Chen, J. A., Wan, G. J., and Zhang, F.: Environmental record in lake sediments at different time scales – a case study in sediment grain siz...

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Surveying Rip Current Survivors: Preliminary Insights Into the Exp...

By: W. Shaw; D. Dominey-howes; S. Sherker; R. Brander; A. Gero; T. Walton; D. Drozdzewski; B. Edwick; J. Goff

Description: School of Biological, Earth and Environmental Sciences, University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW 2052, Australia. This paper begins a process of addressing a significant gap in knowledge about people's responses to being caught in rip currents. While rip currents are the primary hazard facing recreational ocean swimmers in Australia, debate exists about the best advice to give swimmers caught in rip currents. Such surf rescue advice – on what to do and...

ABS: Standard Australian Classification of Countries (SACC), 1998 (Revision 2.03), 2008.; Ballantyne, R., Carr, N., and Hughes, K.: Between the flags: an assessment of domestic and international university students' knowledge of beach safety in Australia, Tourism. Manage., 26, 617–622, 2005.; Bazeley, P.: Qualitative Data Analysis with NViVO, Sage Publications, 2007.; Bird, D. and Dominey-Howes, D.: Tsunami risk mitigation and the issue of public awareness, The Australia...

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Van Earthquakes (23 October 2011 and 9 November 2011) and Performa...

By: D. Güney

Description: Division of Structure, Department of Architecture, Faculty of Architecture, Yildiz Technical University, 34469 Istanbul, Turkey. Earthquakes, which are unavoidable natural phenomena in Turkey, have often produced economic and social disaster. The latest destructive earthquakes happened in Van city. Van, Turkey, earthquakes with M = 7.2 occurred on 23 October 2011 at 13:41 (local time), whose epicenter was about 16 km north of Van (Tabanlı village...

Aydan, Ö.: Inference of seismic characteristics of possible earthquakes and liquefaction and landslide risks from active faults, The 6th National Conference on Earthquake Engineering of Turkey, Istanbul, 1, 563–574, 2007 (in Turkish).; British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC): Turkey earthquake: Survivors outdoors on freezing night, available at: http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-europe-15437014 (last access: 28 Sep...

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Particle Flow and Segregation in a Giant Landslide Event Triggered...

By: Y. Xu; R. Q. Huang; D. S. Chang; L. M. Zhang

Description: Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, The Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, Clear Water Bay, Hong Kong, China. During the 12 May 2008 Wenchuan earthquake, a large landslide of approximately 30 million m3 occurred at Donghekou with a particle run-out distance of over 2000 m. This paper presents fascinating particle flow and segregation characteristics in the landslide process found through field investigation of chang...

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Analysis and Interpretation of Geodetic Landslide Monitoring Data ...

By: M. Haberler-weber

Description: Institute for Geodesy and Geophysics, Vienna University of Technology, Austria.

To place high precision geotechnical sensors exactly at the boundaries between blocks with different directions and rates of movement in a sliding area, it is important to detect these boundaries in a preceding step. An automated algorithm for the block detection based on fuzzy systems is presented. Combining objective geodetic indicators with...

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3-d-numerical Approach to Simulate an Avalanche Impact Into a Rese...

By: M. Aufleger; B. Gems; J. Seibl; R. Gabl

Description: Unit of Hydraulic Engineering, University of Innsbruck, Technikerstr. 13, 6020 Innsbruck, Austria. The impact of an avalanche into a reservoir induces an impulse wave, which poses a threat to population and infrastructure. For a good approximation of the generated wave height and length as well as the resulting outflow volume over structures and dams, formulas, which base on different simplifying assumptions, can be used. Further project-specific i...

Akgün, A.: Assessment of possible damaged areas due to landslide-induced waves at a constructed reservoir using empirical approaches: Kurtun (North Turkey) Dam reservoir area, Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 11, 1341–1350, doi:10.5194/nhess-11-1341-2011, 2011.; Ataie-Ashtiani, B. and Shobeyri, G.: Numerical simulation of landslide impulsive waves by incompressible smoothed particle hydrodynamics, Int. J. Numer. Meth...

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Simulation of the Erosion Process of Landslide Dams Due to Overtop...

By: D. S. Chang; L. M. Zhang

Description: Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, Clear Water Bay, Kowloon, Hong Kong. A landslide dam typically comprises freshly deposited heterogeneous, unconsolidated or poorly consolidated earth materials and is vulnerable to overtopping breaching. A physically-based breach model is presented to simulate the breaching process of such landslide dams. The new model can predict the breach evolution, the ...

Annandale, G. W.: Scour Technology-Mechanics and Engineering Practice, McGraw-Hill, New York, 2006.; Apel, H., Thieken, A. H., Merz, B., and Blöschl, G.: Flood risk assessment and associated uncertainty, Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 4, 295–308, 2004.; British Standards Institution: British standard methods of test for soils for civil engineering purposes, Part 2 – Classification tests, British Standard BS1377, British Standards Institution, London, 1990.; Casagli, N., ...

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